(This is the second instalment in a series on the trends 1. Another contributor towards the
that led to the present financial crisis)
per capita and GDP of the rich countries is the banking business.
2. Banks are apparently allowed to lend more money than they have, sometimes as
much as ten times more. When they lend this money which they do not have, it
became their asset on which interest can be earned.
3. Effectively they are creating money and earning profits from the money they
(This is the second instalment in a series on the trends
1. Another contributor towards the
4. Real businesses cannot do this.
They cannot sell what they don’t have nor earn income from services they don’t
provide. Doing business is therefore far less lucrative than banking. If the
per capita and GDP excludes bank earnings then they should not be as high as is
5. Because banks can lend more money than they have, the tendency is to lend as
much as possible. In many rich countries banks offer to lend even when the
clients are unable to pay.
6. If the banks lend 10 times more than the money they have then their profit
must exceed the sum they would expect if they lend only the money they have
from capital and deposits.
7. This extra money they earn is not real because it is “created” by
the bank out of thin air. Nevertheless the profits earned from this money would
be part of the banks profits and therefore the dividends for the shareholders.
In the end they would contribute to the per capita income and GDP.
8. Banks also issue credit cards. The credit card holders expend far more than
the money they have with the banks. The excess money is regarded by the banks
as loans which may be charged a hefty interest of up to 18 per cent.
9. Since credit card holders often hold credit cards from several banks, the
amount spent in excess of the money they hold with the banks would be very
considerable. These bank loans from credit cards would again exceed the real
money or assets of the banks.
10. The banks consider that even if some credit card holders fail to pay up,
bank earnings from those who do pay would exceed the loss from non-payment.
11. The credit cards have effectively become money created by the banks. The
earnings of the banks are therefore not from real money held in the form of
capital or deposits. Yet the interest on loans via the credit cards would add
to the profits of the banks. They would boost the share prices of the banks and
contribute towards the profits of investors and eventually increasing the per
capita income and the GDP of the country concerned.